During Harper`s visit to China in February 2012, some commentators in the Canadian media reported that the Chinese government was much friendlier than in 2009. Harper met with both President Hu and Prime Minister Wen and signed a series of economic agreements prepared by Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird, including a uranium export treaty and the Canada-China Agreement for The Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments (CCPRPIA) which has been linked by the media to other potential Chinese investments in the Athabasca oil sands and which has been negotiated since 18 Years. The negotiations and the text itself were kept secret until November 2016. Chinese government officials have suggested that the next logical step would be a free trade agreement that Canadian officials have promised to consider.  In October 1973, Pierre Trudeau was the first Canadian Prime Minister to make an official visit to the People`s Republic of China. Trudeau met Mao. This year, the trade balance was heavily weighted in favour of Canada.    Chretien accompanied about 300 business leaders on a trade mission to China in November 1994, returning with a backlog of $9 billion. Senior government officials, such as International Trade Minister Roy MacLaren, were convinced that Canada needed to turn away from the United States and therefore adopted a “four-pillar policy.” Canada felt that the Chinese would be involved in more open trade and that China`s membership in the World Trade Organization would be sustained, which would support Canada`s objectives.  Indeed, Chrétien strongly supported China`s accession: “With China`s accession to the WTO, tariffs will decrease and Chinese consumers and businesses will increase access to our products and services…. WTO membership is part of China`s overall agenda to develop the rule of law to ensure equal treatment for both individuals and businesses in court….
Human rights are good for the economy. Always a cup, Chrétien told the “Chinese who would have to clean their image if they expected to do business on the world stage.”  In November 1997, the Government of Haiti signed with the Government of Jiang Zemin the consular agreement between the Chinese government and the Canadian government, the agreement between the Chinese National Tourism Administration and the Canadian Tourism Commission on tourism cooperation, three development assistance agreements and an exchange of letters between China and Canada regarding the reciprocal establishment of other consulates general.  2017: Chinese President Xi Jinping intensifies a campaign to “re-educate” Uighurs, an ethnic group in the Xinjiang region, most of whom are Muslims. Alarming reports of indoctrination and forced labour camps that are the subject of international opinion against Beijing and its signed commercial projects and infrastructure, such as the Belt and Road initiative. Canada is helping to organize diplomatic efforts to blame China in an official letter, much to Beijing`s chagrin. Should the Harper government focus its efforts on implementing a FIPA with China? The answer, of course, depends on the administration`s direct trade and investment priorities, but we believe that providing additional time or energy for this company would be a fundamental waste of critical resources. FIPA is a binding bilateral investment agreement between Canada and a strategic investment partner. However, given the relatively weak foreign direct investment (FDI) flows between Canada and the CPP, it may be useful to reconsider the value of a Sino-Canada agreement.